Kia Sephia/Shuma/Spectra

since 1995 of release

Repair and car operation



KIA of Sefia / Noise/range
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Greasing system
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Power supply system and release
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Coupling
+ 9. Mechanical transmission
+ 10. Automatic transmission
+ 11. Axes and power shafts
+ 12. Steering
- 13. Wheels and tires
   13.1. Specifications
   13.2. Recommendations about replacement of tires
   13.3. Check of pressure of air and condition of tires
   13.4. Palpation of wheels
   13.5. Shift of wheels
   13.6. Balancing of wheels
+ 14. Brake system
+ 15. Suspension bracket
+ 16. Body
+ 17. Central air
+ 18. Electric equipment


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13.3. Check of pressure of air and condition of tires

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Check pressure of air in tires, at least, once a month and before each distant trip, thus it is worth to remember to measure pressure of air and in a spare wheel.
2. Lowered or the air elevated pressure in tires reduces term of their service and worsens road performance of the car.
3. Too low pressure of air in tires conducts to the increased fuel consumption.
4. On cars establish only radial tires.
5. In radial tires of a thread of a cord are located on the smallest way between tire boards. The Brekerny belt surrounds a thin and elastic framework and provides stability of the tire.
6. In tubeless tires the chamber is replaced with the vulcanized inside layer with high air impermeability. The board of such tire should be established on a rim of a disk reliably and tightly. Lack of the chamber in the tire reduces mass of a wheel and simplifies its installation on a disk rim.
7. Pressure of air in tires should be checked always at cold tires. At an air elevated pressure in warm tires it is not necessary to let the air out from the tire. At considerable change of loading of the car it is necessary to change respectively pressure of air in tires.
8. For pressure measurement in tires use a manometer.
9. Check that there are no leakages of air from the gate. Unscrew a cap from the gate. Put on the gate a little saliva. At formation of a vial screw up the gate a reverse side of a cap.

Prevention

For a tightening of the gate to use only a metal cap.


10. Repeatedly check the gate. At further education of vials and at impossibility of a dovorachivaniye of the gate, the gate replace. Surely screw a cap.

11. Check depth of drawing of a protector.

Depth of drawing of a protector:
Standard tires: 1,6 mm
Winter tires: 50 % of a protector

12. The tire should be replaced in the presence of deep cracks, damages, deformation or spotty wear. Pay attention to any signs of non-uniform wear of tires.

Types and causes of wear of a protector of the tire

REASON
ELIMINATION METHOD
LATERAL WEAR OF THE PROTECTOR
Insufficient pressure in the tire (bilateral wear of a protector) Check pressure in tires and restore to the normal
Wrong disorder of forward wheels (unilateral wear of a protector) Repair or replace suspension bracket details
Passing of turns at great speed Move with moderate speed
WEAR OF THE CENTRAL PART OF THE TYRE
Elevated pressure in tires Check pressure in tires and restore to the normal
CROSS-SECTION ANGULAR WEAR
Wrong convergence of wheels Adjust a convergence of wheels
NON-UNIFORM WEAR
Violation of disorder of wheels or longitudinal tilt angle of an axis of turn Repair or replace suspension bracket details
Abnormal work of a forward suspension bracket Repair or replace suspension bracket details
Violation of balancing of a wheel Otbalansiruyte wheel
Ovality of a rim or brake drum Pierce or replace a brake drum;
Repair or replace a rim