Kia Sephia/Shuma/Spectra

since 1995 of release

Repair and car operation



KIA of Sefia / Noise/range
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Greasing system
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Power supply system and release
- 6. Fuel system
   6.1. Specifications
   6.2. Pressure removal in fuel system
   6.3. Activization of fuel system
   6.4. Check of residual pressure in fuel system
   6.5. Check of fuel pipelines
   6.6. Fuel pump
   6.7. Check of the maximum pressure created by the pump
   6.8. Check of the relay of the fuel pump
   6.9. Check of fuel nozzles
   6.10. Check of tightness of fuel nozzles
   6.11. Check of productivity of fuel nozzles
   6.12. Check of resistance of fuel nozzles
   6.13. Fuel tank
   6.14. Block of supply of fuel
   6.15. Pressure regulator
   6.16. Fuel pipelines
   6.17. Pipe of a toplivonalivny mouth
   6.18. Fuel filter
   6.19. Quick-detachable connections
   6.20. Fuel highway
   6.21. Fuel nozzles
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Coupling
+ 9. Mechanical transmission
+ 10. Automatic transmission
+ 11. Axes and power shafts
+ 12. Steering
+ 13. Wheels and tires
+ 14. Brake system
+ 15. Suspension bracket
+ 16. Body
+ 17. Central air
+ 18. Electric equipment


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6. Fuel system

GENERAL INFORMATION

Fuel system

1–pipeline of return of fuel;
2–pipeline of supply of fuel;
3–fuel filter (high pressure);
4–fuel nozzle;
5–pressure regulator;
6–block of supply of fuel;
7–a quencher of pulsations (only on the TED engine);
8–fuel tank;
9–cover of a toplivonalivny mouth;
10-toplivonalivny mouth;
11-the pipeline (to nozzles)

Usual system

On the majority of fuel systems more than 90 % of fuel come back to a fuel tank in a normal operational mode.
The temperature of the fuel returned in a fuel tank raises on 7–15°С because it heats up passing under the bottom of the car and about the hot engine, and also at the expense of an internal friction and a friction about walls of pipelines.

Continuously returned warmed-up fuel increases fuel temperature in a tank.

In too time, the fuel compressed to pressure of 320-350 kPas in the fuel highway, passing through a pressure regulator, arrives in a fuel tank under small pressure.

In this case fuel evaporation, in relation to the elements having lower evaporation increases, and pairs of fuel arrive in a fuel tank.

Pairs of fuel from a fuel tank do not get to the atmosphere thanks to work of system of catching паров fuels.

System with the reduced return of fuel

On cars the system in which there is no pipeline of return of fuel from the engine in a fuel tank is established.

The pressure regulator established in a fuel tank and reduction of length of the pipeline of return of fuel, reduces fuel evaporation by 60–20 % in relation to usual fuel system.

Besides, installation of the jet pump in the block of supply of fuel, provides supply of fuel to the pump, providing steady supply of fuel, at low level of fuel in a tank. The system provides steady supply of fuel at car inclinations, at low level of fuel in a tank.

Block of supply of fuel

The block of supply of fuel is established in a fuel tank and consists of the following an element and knots:

      – the fuel pump with an electric drive;
      – pressure regulator;
      – fuel filter;
      – fuel level sensor;
      – топливопроводов.

Fuel pump

The fuel pump with an electric drive is established in a fuel tank together with the fuel level sensor. The management of the fuel pump is made by the engine control unit, via the relay of the fuel pump.

The fuel pump via pipelines submits fuel under pressure to the fuel highway and nozzles. Pressure in the fuel highway remains even then when the fuel pump does not work, at the expense of the unilateral valve located about the fuel pump.

Regulator of pressure of fuel and nozzle

Pressure in fuel system is regulated by a pressure regulator.

Tension giving to nozzles is carried out from the storage battery via the main relay. The amount of the fuel submitted to an inlet path of the engine, is defined by duration of the impulses developed by the control unit by the engine and submitted on nozzles.

Fuel level sensor

The fuel level sensor consists of a float fixed on the lever and the variable resistor. At change of provision of a float, resistance of the variable resistor in proportion changes. On the basis of a signal from the fuel level sensor, the index of level of fuel in a combination of devices shows amount of fuel in a tank.

Fuel pipelines and hoses

Fuel pipelines and hoses provide fuel transfer from a fuel tank to the fuel highway and nozzles and return superfluous fuel in a tank. The fuel pipelines fixed on the bottom of the car are necessary for examining periodically on lack of dents and deformation as at the expense of narrowing of their passes, restriction of a stream of fuel is possible.

Fuel pipelines and hoses also provide transfer паров fuels from a fuel tank to the canister with absorbent carbon where they gather at the switched-off engine. After engine and warming up start-up to working temperature, the control unit the engine opens the electromagnetic valve, and pairs of fuel from the canister arrive in the engine and are burned.

Fuel highway

The fuel highway provides supply of fuel to each nozzle and is established on an inlet collector.

Now, the regulator of pressure of fuel is not located on the fuel highway, and established in a fuel tank.

On the fuel highway the service valve which serves for air removal after service of the car or engine start-up is located.