Kia Sephia/Shuma/Spectra

since 1995 of release

Repair and car operation



KIA of Sefia / Noise/range
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Greasing system
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Power supply system and release
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Coupling
+ 9. Mechanical transmission
+ 10. Automatic transmission
+ 11. Axes and power shafts
+ 12. Steering
+ 13. Wheels and tires
+ 14. Brake system
+ 15. Suspension bracket
+ 16. Body
+ 17. Central air
- 18. Electric equipment
   18.1. Specifications
   18.2. Electric chains
   18.3. Safety locks
   18.4. Storage battery
   18.5. Check of level and density of electrolit and charging
   18.6. Unattended batteries
   18.7. Wires and plugs
   18.8. Charging of standard batteries
   18.9. Starter
   18.10. Switch of blocking of a starter
   18.11. Removal and starter installation
   18.12. Starter repair
   18.13. Check of the traction relay
   18.14. Check of brushes and shchetkoderzhatel
   18.15. Check of coils of a stator
   18.16. Rotor check
   18.17. Generator
   18.18. Belt of a drive of the generator
   18.19. Removal and generator installation
   18.20. Generator repair
   18.21. Check of a heater of back glass
   18.22. Safety cushion of the driver
   18.23. Safety cushion of the forward passenger
   18.24. Spiral wire
   18.25. Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of start-up and methods of their elimination
   + 18.26. Electric circuits


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18.9. Starter

GENERAL INFORMATION

Arrangement of elements of blocking of a starter

1–starter;
2–switch of provision of a pedal of coupling;
3–coupling pedal
 

The starter is an electric motor of a direct current with the mixed excitement and the electromagnetic traction relay. The starter consists of a stator (case) with windings of excitement (coils), anchors with the obgonny coupling, covers with shchetkoderzhatel and the traction relay.

At starter inclusion, through a winding of the traction relay of a starter the current from the storage battery starts to proceed, the anchor of the relay is involved and contacts of the relay become isolated. At the same time the relay anchor via the lever moves the obgonny coupling with a gear wheel. The nave of the obgonny coupling turns on screw shlitsa of a shaft of a starter together with a gear wheel that facilitates input it in gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel. Through the closed contacts of the traction relay there is a current feeding windings of a stator and an anchor, and the anchor of a starter starts to rotate together with a nave and the obgonny coupling.

After the engine starts to work, frequency of rotation of a gear wheel exceeds frequency of rotation of an anchor of a starter, the obgonny coupling is freely turned, and the torque is not transferred from a flywheel to a starter shaft. After an ignition key otpuskaniye the power-supply circuit of a winding of the traction relay is disconnected, the anchor of the traction relay is wrung out by a spring in a starting position, contacts of the relay are disconnected, and the gear wheel of a drive leaves gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel.